Tramadol General Informaion
Tramadol (brand name: Tramal) is an oral, opioid pain-relieving drug that is marketed under a variety of of trade names – with Ultram and Ultracet being the most widely prescribed and recognized. Tramadol is most often prescribed to treat moderate levels of pain including dental, osteoporosis, and neuropathy in both acute and chronic settings. It is also approved for treating cancer pain in periods less than 3 months.
Tramadol is thought to be safe due to lower risk of tolerance, abuse, and dependence, but it has lower clinical value than other opiates. The drug has only about one-tenth of the pain-reducing qualities of morphine.
Tramadol stands apart from other opiates for 2 reasons:
1. Tramadol is a fully synthetic drug, which means that it is man-made and does not occur in nature. This is in contrast to morphine and codeine – which are natural opiates derived from the opium poppy. It also differs from drugs like hydromorphone, hydrocodone, and oxycodone which, while also semi-synthetic and made in a laboratory, still retain some natural qualities.
2. Tramadol has an uncommon, dual-acting benefit. Tramadol works as an opiate in the expected way to manage the perception of pain, but beyond that, it allows increased availability of two other neurotransmitter chemicals in the brain called norepinephrine and serotonin. Norepinephrine is noted for its ability to improve concentration, and serotonin manages an array of functions including sleep and mood.